Marie Claire 2 France

The fashion spirit through accessories.

A biannual edition, Marie Claire 2 offers a host of fashion accessories and brings readers directly into contact with luxury and beauty. Both unimportant and useful, loyal and silent companions of our dreams and our secret moods, accessories have found their expression and wrapping. How indispensable!

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Playboy is an American men's magazine, founded in Chicago, Illinois in 1953, by Hugh Hefner and his associates, and funded in part by a $1,000 loan from Hefner's mother. The magazine has grown into Playboy Enterprises, Inc., with a presence in nearly every medium. Playboy is one of the world's best known brands. In addition to the flagship magazine in the United States, special nation-specific versions of Playboy are published worldwide.

The magazine has a long history of publishing short stories by notable novelists such as Arthur C. Clarke, Ian Fleming, Vladimir Nabokov, P. G. Wodehouse, and Margaret Atwood. Playboy features monthly interviews of notable public figures, such as artists, architects, economists, composers, conductors, film directors, journalists, novelists, playwrights, religious figures, politicians, athletes and race car drivers. The magazine throughout its history has expressed a libertarian outlook on political and social issues.

Playboy's original title was to be Stag Party, but an unrelated outdoor magazine, Stag, contacted Hefner and informed him that they would protect their trademark if he were to launch his magazine with that name. Hefner and co-founder and executive vice-president Eldon Sellers met to seek a new name. Sellers, whose mother had worked for the Chicago sales office of the short-lived Playboy Automobile Company, suggested "Playboy."

The first issue, in December 1953, was undated, as Hefner was unsure there would be a second. He produced it in his Hyde Park kitchen. The first centerfold was Marilyn Monroe, although the picture used originally was taken for a calendar rather than for Playboy. The first issue sold out in weeks. Known circulation was 53,991. The cover price was 50¢. Copies of the first issue in mint to near mint condition sold for over $5,000 in 2002. The novel Fahrenheit 451, by Ray Bradbury, was also serialized in the March, April, and May 1954 issues of Playboy magazine.

The logo, the stylized profile of a rabbit wearing a tuxedo bow tie, was designed by art designer Art Paul for the second issue and has appeared ever since. A running joke in the magazine involves hiding the logo somewhere in the cover art or photograph. Hefner said he chose the rabbit for its "humorous sexual connotation," and because the image was "frisky and playful."

An urban legend started about Hefner and the Playmate of the Month because of markings on the front covers of the magazine. From 1955 to 1979 (except for a six month gap in 1976), the "P" in Playboy had stars printed in or around the letter. The legend stated that this was either a rating that Hefner gave to the Playmate according to how attractive she was, the number of times that Hefner had slept with her, or how good she was in bed. The stars, between zero and twelve, actually indicated the domestic or international advertising region for that printing.

Since reaching its peak in the 1970s, Playboy has seen a decline in circulation and cultural relevance because of competition in the field it founded — first from Penthouse, Oui (which was published as a spin-off of Playboy) and Gallery in the 1970s; later from pornographic videos; and more recently from lad mags such as Maxim, FHM, and Stuff. In response, Playboy has attempted to re-assert its hold on the 18–35 male demographic through slight changes to content and focusing on issues and personalities more appropriate to its audience — such as hip-hop artists being featured in the "Playboy Interview".

Christie Hefner, daughter of the founder Hugh Hefner, joined Playboy in 1975 and became head of the company in 1988. She announced in December 2008 that she would be stepping down from leading the company, effective in January 2009, and said that the election of Barack Obama as the next President had inspired her to give more time to charitable work, and that the decision to step down was her own. “Just as this country is embracing change in the form of new leadership, I have decided that now is the time to make changes in my own life as well,” she said.

The magazine celebrated its 50th anniversary with the January 2004 issue. Celebrations were held at Las Vegas, Los Angeles, New York, and Moscow during the year to commemorate this event.

The magazine runs several annual features and ratings. One of the most popular is its annual ranking of the top "party schools" among all U.S. universities and colleges. For 2009, the magazine used five considerations: bikini, brains, campus, sex and sports in the development of its list. The top ranked party school by Playboy for 2009 was the University of Miami.

In June 2009, the magazine reduced its publication schedule to 11 issues per year, with a combined July/August issue and on 11 August 2009, London's Daily Telegraph newspaper reported that Hugh Hefner had sold his English Manor house (next door to the famous Playboy Mansion) for $18 m ($10 m less than the reported asking price) to a Daren Metropoulos and that due to significant losses in the company's value (down from $1billion in 2000 to $84mil in 2009) the Playboy publishing empire is up for sale for $300 m. In December 2009, they further reduced the publication schedule to 10 issues per year, with a combined January/February issue.

Country: Spain
City: Barcelona

M Magazine is a unique beauty magazine, released twice a year and distributed through our Make Up Stores and newsstands. The magazine is a forum for makeup artists, hairstylist and photographers from around the world who contributes with their knowledge and creativity in beauty. The magazine is also filled with interviews, behind the scenes shots and makeup schools. All you need to improve your personal makeup.

Country: Sweden
City: Stockholm

Drapers is the leading publication for all sectors of the UK fashion industry. All the latest news, expert trend advice, catwalk coverage and invaluable business information. Plus with the biggest and best recruitment section in the industry Drapers is the first place to look for a job in fashion.

Country: United Kingdom
City: London
Country: Mexico
City: Mexico City

Maxim India is a publication of a popular international men's magazine based in the United Kingdom and known for its revealing pictorials featuring popular actresses, singers, and female models, none of which are nudes. In 2008, the magazine started to publish a version of the magazine in India for the Indian audience. Largely covering everything related to men's lifestyle, Maxim India is currently the industry leader for men's magazines in India.

Country: India
City: UK

Maxim is an international men's magazine based in the United Kingdom and known for its revealing pictorials featuring popular actresses, singers, and female models, none of whom are nude in the American version.

Due to its success in its primary markets, Maxim has expanded into many other countries, including Argentina, Canada, India, Indonesia, Israel, Belgium, Romania, the Czech Republic, France (marketed under "Maximal"), Germany, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, Greece, Italy, Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Poland, Russia (where it stands now as the most popular men's magazine), Serbia, the Philippines, Singapore, Spain, Thailand, Ukraine, and Portugal (marketed under "Maxmen"). A wireless version of the magazine was launched in 2005 across cellular carriers in twenty European and Asian countries.

Country: Russia
City: Moscow

Launched in 2009, L’Officiel Hommes Italia is the first international male fashion magazine in the second country of fashion. Its outstanding creative team introduces a brand new vision of men’s fashion to the readers, presenting the main and latest luxury trends in style, photography, design, art and music.

Country: Italy
City: Milan
Country: Austria
City: Vienna
Country: Czech Republic
Country: Germany
City: Munich

Harper's Bazaar is a world-renowned arbiter of fashion and good taste. Since its inception in 1867 as America's first fashion magazine, Bazaar has been home to extraordinary talents of Man Ray and Richard Avedon, and continues that tradition today with photographers including Peter Lindbergh and Sølve Sundsbø.

Sophisticated, elegant and provocative, Harper’s Bazaar is the style resource for women who are the first to buy the best, from casual to couture. With style, authority and insider insight, Bazaar focuses strictly on fashion and beauty, and covers what’s new to what’s next.

Month after month, Harper’s Bazaar showcases the world’s most visionary stylists and talented designers to deliver readers a visually stunning portrayal of the world of fashion and beauty.

In addition to publishing in the United States, Bazaar prints 27 editions around the world.

Country: Hong Kong S.A.R., China
City: Hong Kong

The Garage Center for Contemporary Culture was founded in 2007, in an abandoned Constructivist garage in Moscow, in the hope that it would become a catalyst for Russia's emerging art scene. Since opening they have held 36 exhibitions, 26 international and 10 Russian. They have exhibited established and respected artists such as Antony Gormley, Mark Rothko, Ilya Kabakov and James Turrell, alongside hundreds more.

Garage is run by a strong team with a definitive international voice, and out of an increasing abundance of ideas, Garage the magazine was born. It is a place where they can bring to life projects that transcend the bricks and mortar of their physical space, and showcase ideas that they wish to share with a wider audience, beyond the limits of Russia.

Country: Russia
City: Moscow

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